When planting bare-root peonies, they should be planted in spring soil no deeper than one inch. The peony rootstock should be pointed downward, and the buds 1-2 inches from the surface. Herbaceous peonies should have their long roots pointing downward and the ridged rootstock bulge no deeper than 4 to 6 inches below the surface.
Tree peonies should have their rootstock planted, so the hump is at or slightly above the soil surface. The hole should be dug 12 inches deep in rich, well-draining soil enriched with organic material such as compost and bone meal.
This will help provide ideal conditions for peony growth and development. Once the peony plant is established in its new location, it should be mulched lightly to help maintain soil moisture and keep out weeds.
Peonies are one of the most versatile plants in the world. The root of the peony plant is bare, which means it doesn’t come with soil like other plants. This root is planted bare root, and peonies bloom from the depth of their roots. While planting peonies with bare roots, you need to remember the depth that peony roots need to grow. Let’s find out how deep peony roots can grow in soil and plant bare-root peonies.
Table of Contents
Prepare the Soil Well for Peony Planting
Preparing the soil well is important if you’re planting peony root plants. Dig a hole as deep as the root system and Space peony root plants 3 feet apart.
Covering peony root plants with soil is also beneficial, but only a little soil should be used. Bare root peony root plants can be planted without soil, but they are more prone to sun scorch. If planting peony root plants in the soil, avoid planting them in hot or dry environments.
After planting peony root plants, water the soil well and mulch around the base of the peony root plant with organic material. This will help protect the roots from moisture loss during the summer months.
It is also important to keep the soil around peony root plants free of debris and provide consistent watering and sunlight exposure for healthy growth and development.
How To Plant Peony Roots
Step 1: Choose A Planting Location
Peonies do not respond well to transplanting once they have become established. So, when planting peony roots, choosing an area where the peony can remain undisturbed and grow in full sun with well-drained soil is best. Choose a planting location that is in the range of half to 1½- inches deep. To ensure peonies bloom, plant peony roots no more than ½ inch deep and plant them as soon as possible after receiving them from the nursery. It’s best to plant peony roots early in the season, so they have time to establish before winter.
Step 2: Unpack The Peony Roots
Plant peony roots in the garden by digging a hole twice as wide and twice as deep as the peony root. Ensure the root is placed in the hole with the eyes facing up. After planting, cover the roots with soil and press them gently to secure them in place. Water entirely and deeply with clean water, adding a mulch layer over the planting bed. This will help maintain soil moisture and prevent weeds from growing near peony roots. Over time, peony roots will grow and sprout into new plants.
Step 3: Soak The Peony Roots
It would help to soak peony roots before planting to help them get established in the soil. Very dry peony roots can be rehydrated by soaking them for up to four hours. On the other hand, peony roots that don’t look too dry can be soaked for about a half hour. Soaking peony roots before planting can boost them and help them root faster. However, this step is optional and may not be necessary if your peony root looks good after planting. Instead, you can water less in the first few weeks after planting. This will allow the peony root to slowly adapt to its new environment and develop strong root systems over time.
Step 4: Plant The Peony Roots
It is important to plant peony roots rather than just planting shoots when planting peonies in the garden or a pot. By planting peony roots, you ensure that the shoots will grow out of the side of the stem instead of straight up. This results in peonies with foliage that is more interesting and natural-looking. Also, peonies can grow in a pot or a garden.
Planting peonies in well-drained soil with soil rich in nutrients and moisture retention properties is best. Also, peonies should be propagated by dividing the root clump and cutting away the tiny roots. This way, you can keep the root ball intact and allow for the continued growth of peonies from the root clump.
Select a planting location with dappled light and well-draining soil to plant peony roots. After planting, mulch the soil around peony roots to help prevent moisture loss and promote plant growth and success. For best results, order peony root division divisions from Longfield Gardens and follow the instructions to ensure their success.
Step 5: Water & Mulch
If you have just planted peony roots, it’s essential to water the plant thoroughly immediately after planting or transplanting. Water peony plants every couple of weeks during dry weather in the first year to help the roots establish. Once the fall/winter rains arrive, you may only need to water your peonies once you have dry weather in the spring/summer. An established peony plant can be fine without frequent watering. A good rule of thumb is to water peony plants when the soil is dry. Remember to mulch peony plants after watering them thoroughly to help keep moisture in the soil and discourage weeds.
Watering peony plants requires patience, so take it easy first and gradually increase the frequency as your peonies begin thriving and developing. Apply organic mulch after watering to help keep moisture in the soil and discourage weeds. If you are growing peonies from nursery stock, be sure to follow the instructions provided by the company for planting and watering them.
Choosing Peony Roots
If you’re interested in peonies, you may be wondering how to go about planting peonies. Peonies can be planted from seed, but purchasing peony root divisions for propagation is more common. In this case, the root division should be bare and ready for planting.
Peony roots are best planted in spring or fall as soon as possible. When planting peonies, ensure the root is at least 4 inches deep. You can plant peony roots in a sunny location with good drainage. Keep the soil around peonies evenly moist, but avoid waterlogging the plant. This will help peonies develop strong foliage, stems, and peony blooms.
When to Plant Peony Roots
Peonies are best propagated by dividing the root clump and planting the pieces immediately. If this is not possible, peony roots can be planted in late summer and early fall before the middle of October, after dormant buds are completely formed. Before planting peony roots, ensure the soil is neither too dry nor too moist.
The soil should be well-chilled and slightly sandy for best results. Plant peony roots, so the top is about 1/2-2 inches below the ground for the best results. It is important to keep peony roots well watered throughout their growing season to promote healthy growth and bloom.
After a year of growing peony roots, they can be cut back to ground level in spring or after the first heavy frost. The dead peonies should never be disposed of in a compost heap as they may carry fungal infections that can spread to other plants.
Where to Plant Peony Roots
Peonies are best propagated by lifting and dividing the root clump, then immediately replanting the divided pieces. To do this, first, clip the foliage of peony plants to the ground level. This will help with peony root growth and development. Then, use a lopper or a knife to cut the peony root into segments of about 2 inches in length.
After that, plant each of these segments into the soil at a depth of no less than 1 inch. You can plant peony roots directly into the soil in late summer or early fall when the soil is consistently cold but not frozen.
Alternatively, you can plant potted peonies that bloom sooner than bare-root peonies. Potted peonies are more manageable and are easier to grow indoors.