Specific cultivars climb walls and fences, while others grow along the ground and provide excellent ground cover. Still, others are contained shrubs. Many Jasmine plants are in the flowering topiaries and bromeliads families. “Jasminoideae” is a large subfamily of 30 genera that comprises several hundred species of primarily perennial climbing vines.
Jasmine Varieties According to Growth Habit
Climbing Vines Varieties
The fragrant flowers bloom all summer and fall. You can expect the plant to grow 12 to 24 inches (30.5-61 cm) per year, reaching 10 to 15 feet in height (3-4.5 m.). Jasmine is ideal for archways and entrances. They need frequent pinching and pruning to stay bushy.
The spring-blooming 1-inch (2.5 cm) flowers aren’t very showy. It is grown for its foliage, covering a trellis or arbor well.
The fragrant, white flowers are about 1 1/2 inches (4 cm) apart. The vine is semi-evergreen and deciduous in frost-free areas. This is a popular jasmine variety.
It’s a shrub that stays green all year long with very fragrant flowers. It grows up to 6 feet (1.5-2 m.). This is the type of jasmine used to make tea, like this one.
Depending on your preference, it can be grown as a vine or as a shrub. Even when not tied to a support, it forms a dense and mounded shape of up to 10 feet (3 meters) wide. In addition, the plant tolerates being pruned into a shrub.
It is only rarely cultivated in the United States. Unlike most other varieties, this shrub produces larger yellow flowers than the majority of them, measuring up to 2 inches in diameter.
There are 4 feet (1 m.) of width and 7 feet (2 m.) of height to this shrub, which grows in a bushy manner. Although the yellow flowers on this deciduous shrub are not fragrant, it does have the advantage of blooming in late winter, providing color in the early part of the growing season. Winter jasmine is an excellent erosion control plant for banks. Left to its own devices, it will take root wherever its branches contact the ground.
Asian Star Jasmine
Many people grow it as a hardy ground cover—a flower with small, pale-yellow petals and dense leaves.
How To Plant Jasmine
Select a Cultivar To Plant
Before planting jasmine, select the perfect cultivar. You can choose from pink, white or yellow flowers for a tropical look and scent. Fragrant Jasminum (jasmine scented varieties) with their long-lasting fragrance is an exceptional way to delight visitors over time. Jasmine comes in over 200 varieties, each with its characteristics. Some trees are evergreen, and others are deciduous. Some resemble vines, while others resemble shrubs. Some are so delicate that they must be grown indoors, while others are hardy enough to survive the winter.
Find a Location That Is Suitable for Your Jasmine Plant
Choose a planting location that is suitable for the type of plant you have. Since each jasmine cultivar has its own unique set of environmental requirements, you should conduct some preliminary research to determine what conditions you should be providing for your plant. The right amount of sunlight and the right temperature are essential for your jasmine’s growth and development. Evaluate whether the jasmine you’ve chosen will thrive in the open air or if it would be better suited to a pot indoors, where you can regulate the temperature and humidity more precisely. When planting outside, choose the warmest location possible to get the best results.
Make the Soil Ready for Planting
The majority of jasmine cultivars thrive in soil rich in nutrients and well-draining. Start by working in a 2-inch layer of compost into the soil before planting it. As a result, the jasmine will continue to produce healthy flowers throughout the entire growing season.
In addition to soil rich in nutrients and drains well, most jasmine cultivars do well in moist soil. Starting with a 2-inch layer of compost before you plant your jasmine, whether you’re planting it in the ground or a pot, will ensure that your plant grows successfully. It will, as a result, continue to produce healthy flowers for the duration of the growing season on your jasmine.
Plant the Jasmine
Remove the jasmine plant from its container with care, and water the root ball thoroughly. Gently scratch the roots all over with your fingers to tickle them. To plant the jasmine plant, first, dig a hole twice the size of the root ball and place it inside. Leaving the soil around the hole a few inches higher than your plant’s soil level will help create a reservoir for moisture. Pat the soil lightly around the base of the jasmine plant to ensure that it remains in its position. Water the soil around the plant base thoroughly to aid in the establishment of the plant.
The most common method of starting jasmine from seed is to purchase a young jasmine plant. However, it is also possible to start jasmine from seed. Because jasmine seeds germinate slowly and each cultivar is different, special care must be taken when planting them. When possible, you should begin by sowing seeds inside, preferably in seeds pots filled with seed starter mix, and then hardening off the seedlings before transplanting them outside after the last frost has passed.
Using semi-ripe cuttings from a mature jasmine plant is another option for planting jasmine. Cut healthy 6-inch jasmine stems in the middle of the summer or the fall. To plant the stems, fill a pot halfway with soil and compost and place it on a table or countertop. Place the pot in a window enjoying the sun and keep it well-watered during winter.
How To Grow Jasmine
Cuttings should be taken approximately one month before transplanting the plants.
- Take cuttings from the tips of the stems. Cut approximately 6 inches long and taken directly below a leaf.
- Remove the bottom leaves.
- Rooting hormones should be applied.
- Plant in a planter filled with moist sand to keep the soil moist.
- Place the container in direct sunlight after covering it with plastic.
- Once roots have begun to form, transplant the plant into a potting soil (about one month after cutting).
- Once the roots have grown strong, it is time to transplant them into the garden.
Before moving the plants outside, seedlings can be started inside three months before that.
- Pre-soak seeds for 24 hours.
- Fill your pots halfway with soil and let the soil sit for a couple of hours to soak up the nutrients. Allow it to drain completely.
- Sow one seed into each of the four pots.
- Place the container in direct sunlight after covering it with plastic.
- Keep the soil moist at all times.
- When seedlings have two pairs of true leaves, it is time to repot them into planters.
- After one month of repotting, move the plants outside.
How Fast Does Jasmine Grow?
The growth rate of common jasmine is moderately fast. Annual growth ranges from 12 to 24 inches. Three feet in height is possible. One foot in diameter can be achieved, but this size may not fit into a standard pot. Amazingly you will even find that two plants growing closely together might have distinctly different growth rates! The jasmine plant will grow from seed and root plate transplanting without going through long periods of breaking off new shoots or establishing the roots before moving forward.
Is Jasmine Plant Difficult To Grow?
Jasmine is not difficult to grow. It’s worth the effort. Look for healthy, vigorous shoots and leaves in the jasmine plant you’re considering purchasing in the nursery or garden center. Gardeners can plant summer jasmine in spring or fall as long as the plants are protected. A well-protected area outside is ideal for most varieties.
Jasmine Care Tips
Here are some tips to keep your Jasmine garden healthy:
Most Jasmine plants require six hours of direct sunlight a day for full sun exposure and two to four hours for partial shade. It all depends on the type of jasmine you’re planting, as well as the climate and other factors.
Mulch around the plants every two weeks to help retain moisture and prevent weeds from growing.
Jasmine planted in-ground should be watered once every week. It’s best to increase the watering frequency if the weather is unusually dry or hot. You may need to water your containerized jasmine several times a week during the hottest months. Water when the soil is dry. When watering jasmine from the bottom, be careful not to wet the leaves. If water droplets remain on the leaves during the hottest part of the day, they will be burned by the sun.
If they become too high or low, adjust them as needed. For indoor jasmine, pay attention to both the air’s humidity and the soil’s moisture. Jasmine varieties that are more delicate require a humidity range of 30 to 45 percent. Apply mist to the plant regularly to keep it moist.
It is best to fertilize the jasmine once a month during the growing season. Use a diluted liquid fertilizer or a water-soluble balanced fertilizer around the jasmine’s base. Alternately, you can add a layer of compost around the base of the jasmine plant as a side dressing. Take care not to damage the roots in any way. Also, top-spray works. When you water, you’re bringing the compost’s nutrients to the surface of the soil.
A trellis or fence is a good place for jasmine to grow up. Train the young vines. After you plant jasmine, you can start to train it right away. You can weave young stems through the trellis sections, tie them to the fence, or support them with a gentle and loose knot.
Many varieties of jasmine need to be supported by stakes to thrive. The jasmine can be trained to grow up, and around the stake or trellis, you place it near the base. It will eventually begin to climb the stake on its own accord. If your jasmine is near a wall or fence, you can train it to climb the wall or fence until it grows on its own. Using string or twine, you can secure the jasmine talk to the trellis or stake to ensure that it grows and becomes established. When the vine has become established, the ties should be removed.
How To Prune Jasmine
Before pruning, you must first remove any wilting or dying stems from the plant. Afterward, cut away any tangled or dead stems. Maintaining the appearance of trained jasmine by snipping off unwanted stems is a simple way to help.
Pruning is simple, pinch the tips between your finger and thumbnail and squeeze them together. Pruning regularly will encourage rapid growth and lush, full foliage. Also, you can use hand pruners.
Pruning stray stems will help keep the plants looking neat. The vine’s shape can be modified by selectively removing stems. Pruning is less of a concern for indoor varieties and shrub jasmine.
Before or during the blooming season, avoid pruning, as this can impede the plant’s growth. Prune jasmine blooms immediately after flowering so that the vines have enough time to grow before the next growing season begins. After blooming, you can trim shrub-like jasmine stems back by a third to improve their shape. The shrub will have a fuller appearance when it returns next season.