Many people are taken aback when they learn that blueberries have seeds and can be grown from seed. Depending on their height, blueberries are classified as highbush or lowbush, and both varieties contain seeds. Because they are so small, the seeds often go unnoticed. When blueberries are fully ripe or overripe, they are more likely to have seeds visible. It is now clear that blueberries do have seeds. Since of their small size, it is a commonly held misconception that blueberries are indeed the seeds. This is a myth, and the seeds are found in the fruit itself.
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What Do Blueberry Seeds Look Like?
The seeds of blueberries are quite small compared to the size of the fruit. The seeds are visible if you cut the fruits in half. They have a dark orange to light brown color with reddish undertones. The seeds have no nutritional value for humans.
Since they are so small, soft, and delectable, most people never notice a blueberry seed. When a seed ripens into a flower, it sheds its protective fruit skin. All berries, including blueberries, have seeds. Blueberries, like the majority of fruits, contain seeds inside their flesh.
However, the seeds might not be considered seeds if viewed from a gastronomic angle. Small seeds make it difficult to detect them when eating them, and this is why. According to the species and genotype, each plant produces different numbers of seeds. Seeds are found in all mature fruits, regardless of their color.
How Many Seeds Are Contained Within a Single Blueberry?
It varies. A single blueberry can contain approximately 50 small seeds. If the fruit is highbush or lowbush, the seeds can vary from 10 to 20 per fruit. While lowbush blueberries are smaller and usually contain fewer seeds, highbush blueberries are larger and typically contain around twenty seeds.
Can You Eat Blueberry Seeds?
Blueberry seeds are extremely small and add a slight crunch to the otherwise tender and juicy flesh. While the seeds add a unique texture to blueberries, many people prefer to remove them before eating. The seeds are non-poisonous and will not harm you if consumed. Fortunately, they are completely safe to eat because they are so small.
Methods for Extracting Blueberry Seeds
If you’re looking to separate the seed from the berry, you’ll be pleased to learn that blueberry seeds can be extracted from their pulp. Blueberry seeds can be extracted in numerous ways.
Make blueberry mash with a half-cup of blueberries and a potato masher. Add some water to a jar and let it sit for a while. The seeds will settle to the bottom, and the pulp can be drained away. You may need to repeat this process several times until you are left with just the seeds. Allow your seeds to air dry on a paper towel.
You’ll need to use water to separate the pulp from the seeds, just as you would if you were mashing the potatoes. First, puree the berries in a blender for 10 seconds or until they are completely liquid. In this case, you pour the mixture into a jar, add more water, and pour the pulp away until you are left with just seeds.
You’ll want to use a herb grinder instead of a masher or a blender for this step, as you’ve seen in the previous steps. Add water to the jar after the herbs have been ground to a fine powder. All that remains are the seeds you can discard after they have sunk to the bottom.
Are There Seedless Blueberries?
A few varieties of berries, like grapes and blueberries, grow without seeds, including a few types of raspberries. However, because these varieties are so uncommon, many people believe they don’t exist. It is done through crossbreeding to ensure that they do not contain seeds.
Certain berries, such as grapes, blueberries, and raspberries, grow without seeds. However, because these varieties are uncommon, many people believe they do not exist. They are specially bred through crossbreeding to be seedless.
How To Grow Blueberries from Seed
There’s nothing complicated about starting a blueberry patch from seed. However, because the seeds take long to germinate and bear fruit, be prepared to wait. It’s a fun experiment because the seedlings may not look like the parent plant, but you may find a new and delicious variety.
To get the best results, buy seeds from a reputable seed company. With a bit of effort, you can extract the seeds from blueberries to plant indoors year-round.
- To get the seeds out of store-bought blueberries, make sure they weren’t imported or are organic. Berries treated before being shipped may not germinate properly, making it difficult to get the seeds out.
- To simulate winter, you must first freeze the blueberries for at least three weeks and stratify the seeds before extracting them.
- You can defrost the berries and let them come to room temperature when you’re ready to eat them.
- Blend the berries for 10-15 seconds in a blender with half the water. If you don’t have a blender, you can mash them by hand.
- The seeds will settle to the bottom of the mixture if you let them sit for a few minutes. Remove the pulp from the top and strain the liquid through a fine sieve to remove the solids.
- Rinse the blueberry seeds before placing them on a piece of newspaper or paper towel to dry.
- Sow your blueberry seeds in a container of peat moss that has been sprayed with water.
- Add your seeds and peat moss, then top with a thin layer of soil.
- To retain moisture, place the container in a propagator or wrap it in plastic wrap and place it in a bright, warm location.
- Germination of blueberry seeds can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. Keep the potting soil moist but not soggy during this period.
- Remove the cover as soon as the first seeds sprout.
- When the seedlings are a few inches tall, remove any that are weak.
- Seedlings should be potted into an ericaceous potting mix when they are large enough to handle and planted in the fall or spring after hardening off for a few weeks.